Lots of complaints about how slow accessing Windows/Samba shares via Mavericks. I've tried a couple of different things, but only found one that seems to restore SMB to a semblance of its former speed. Thankfully its really easy.
In 'Connect to Server' when you specify the server by: smb://servername/share, instead do this: smb://servername:139/share.
While I've not tried to analyze a network trace, I suspect that forcing the port bypasses some sort of smb version negotiation process. But that's just a guess.